When mom gives “the look,” you know she means business – and it turns out that’s the case for kids on the autism spectrum, too.
Although autism is known to make it more difficult for children to read facial cues, the researchers from Florida Atlantic University found that the difficulty kids with autism had reading strangers’ facial expressions disappeared when it came to reading their mother’s expressions.
The study asked children ages 4 through 8 to view five facial expressions on both familiar and unfamiliar faces, checking to see if kids could recognize the expressions associated with the feelings of happy, sad, angry, fearful and neutral. While kids without autism read strangers’ expressions better, kids with “high-functioning autism” could read their mothers’ facial expressions just as well as kids without autism.
Researchers called the findings “very insightful,” HealthDay reports.
“Previous neurological and eye-tracking studies have hinted at this possibility, but it has rarely been demonstrated at the conscious level on a self-report test,” lead author Nathaniel Shanok, an integrated biology doctoral student, says in the article.
While this particular study didn’t check whether kids with autism could also read the facial expressions of other relatives like fathers and siblings, Shanok suggested this could be studied in the future.
Previous studies have highlighted the struggle kids on the spectrum have with identifying emotions based on facial expressions. A study from 2017, for example, found young people with autism to be less accurate at recognizing all expressions – both subtle and not-so-subtle.
To help kids with autism learn to interpret facial expressions on strangers, experts recommend tools like picture cards and social stories.
The “gold standard” therapy for autism, applied behavior analysis or ABA, can also address this issue. ABA therapy is an individualized program that helps kids gain and improve skills in areas such as communication, activities of daily living, social skills and more.